### An Expert System for Control of a Sag/Ball Mill Circuit

01/08/1992 As a counter to this a computer system to provide effective expert help to operators of semi-autogenous (SAG) grinding mills has been developed. This support system is called HelpSAG. It was initially developed for a SAG/ball mill grinding circuit on the gold plant at

### Advanced Controller for Grinding Mills: Results from a

throughput-limited ball mills and Semi-autogenous grinding (SAG) mills. Given this large operational benefit, several mineral processing facilities are currently evaluating and implementing these strategies. The key to successful acceptance in this industry will be the ability of these controllers to handle unusual process upsets and to recognize operation realities such as: A change in

### SAG Mill Control: It Shouldn’t be that Hard E & MJ

SAG mill control fundamentally means managing the load in the mill by adjusting the feed rate of ore to the mill and/or manipulating the rotational speed of the mill. The best way to measure load is to mount the mill on load cells.

### Evolution of SAG Mill Process Control at the Xstrata

Evolution of SAG Mill Process Control at the Xstrata Nickel Raglan Operation Erik Bartsch1, Chief Engineer Guy Comeau2, ASRi Gap Control 6 x 15” Krebs GMAX Cyclones Ball Mill 14’ dia. x 21’ (2240 kW) Flotation Underground Storage Bins A B WipFrag Feed Size Measurement Impactmeter . Proceedings of the 40th Annual Canadian Mineral Processors Conference 2008 449 Figure 2:

### What's the Difference Between SAG Mill and Ball Mill

Both the autogenous grinding mill and the ball mill feed parts are welded with groove and embedded inner wear-resistant lining plate. As the sag mill does not contain grinding medium, the abrasion and impact on the equipment are relatively small. The feed of the ball mill contains grinding balls.

### Expert mill control at AngloGold Ashanti

The ROM SAG mill circuit—a brief description The typical ROM SAG mill circuit is depicted in Figure 1. The circuit is usually closed with either a screen or, more commonly, a cyclone for product size classification. The focus of control can be divided into two parts, viz. the mill and the cyclone.

### Difference Between Sag Mill vs Ball Mill mech4study

12/10/2017 Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness.

### Control SAG Mill sound detection Grinding

Through continuous improvement and the use of advanced technologies like SmartEar™, Pueblo Viejo are improving the control and operation of their SAG mill, resulting in reduced liner wear, more efficiency.Volume Title: 12th Mill Operators' Conference 2014 Semi-autogenous grinding (SAG) mill co

### KIMA Process Control innovative measure and control systems

Advanced Control Systems / Precise fill-level measurement for ball mills / Rotary Kiln surface cooling and hot spot treatment Minerals Advanced Control Systems / Precise fill-level measurement for SAG and ball mills / Vibration sensors for condition based monitoring

### An Expert System for Control of a Sag/Ball Mill Circuit

01/08/1992 As a counter to this a computer system to provide effective expert help to operators of semi-autogenous (SAG) grinding mills has been developed. This support system is called HelpSAG. It was initially developed for a SAG/ball mill grinding circuit on the

### Grinding Mill an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The primary function at Level 3 is optimisation of the SAG mill operation. That is, control of the product at optimum level. In an integrated situation where ball mill and cyclone is in the circuit, the optimisation must take place keeping in mind the restraints imposed by down stream requirements.

### SmartMill Grinding ABB

Combine ABB's variable-speed drive system with advanced process control ABB Ability™ Expert Optimizer for grinding to provide maximum mill control. It can be applied to new or existing AG, SAG and ball mills, powered by either ring-geared mill drives (RMD) or gearless mill drives (GMD).

### KIMA Process Control innovative measure and control systems

Advanced Control Systems / Precise fill-level measurement for ball mills / Rotary Kiln surface cooling and hot spot treatment Minerals Advanced Control Systems / Precise fill-level measurement for SAG and ball mills / Vibration sensors for condition based monitoring

### What’s the difference of Ball mill, SAG mill, AG mill?

The impact can be rock on rock such as in an Autogenous Grinding (AG) mill, rock and a small ball charge (~10%), used in Semi Autogenous Grinding (SAG) mills, balls of various sizes in Ball Mills and less commonly these days, steel rods in Rod Mills. These machines are used to grind or mix metals or raw materials for further processing.

### Autogenous and Semi-Autogenous Mills FLSmidth

Single stage SAG Mills are very beneficial in reducing CAPEX for plants with a staged throughput approach. When future tonnage is to be increased, the SAG Mill can feed downstream ball milling to boost capacity. Fuller-Traylor SAG/AG Mills range in size from 4.3m through 12.2m in diameter with powers as high as 28,000 kW. Our team of product

### Grinding in Ball Mills: Modeling and Process Control

Keywords: Ball mills, grinding circuit, process control. I. Introduction Grinding in ball mills is an important technological process applied to reduce the size of particles which may have different nature and a wide diversity of physical, mechanical and chemical characteristics. Typical examples are the various ores, minerals, limestone, etc. The applications of ball mills are ubiquitous in

### Welcome to Manta Controls Manta Controls

Manta Controls® have developed the Manta Cube® system where it is available for SAG Mill Control, AG Mill Control, Ball Mill Control, Flotation Control, Thickener Control and CCD Control. Control of other process units are also available.

### Products Manta Controls

The Manta Cube ® system can be used to control various processing units and has been successfully used for SAG Mill Control, Ball Mill Control, Flotation Control, Thickener Control, CCD Control and more.

### TECHNICAL NOTES 8 GRINDING R. P. King

LG A mill power equation for SAG mills. Minerals and Metallurgical Processing. Feb 1990 pp57-62. Gross power No load power Net power drawn by the charge (8.13) The net power is calculated from Net power KD2.5L e! c./ Watts (8.14) In equation 8.14, D is the diameter inside the mill liners and Le is the effective length of the mill including the

### An Expert System for Control of a Sag/Ball Mill Circuit

01/08/1992 e) AG/SAG Mill Theory Text and graphics explaining grinding definitions, the fundamentals of AG and SAG mills, mill control strategies, techniques for handling problems with overviscous pulps and effects of variation of mill speed, ball load and total mill charge on throughput and output quality. Plant Optimisation Procedure This is mainly used by the shift and plant metallurgists to

### Sag And Ball Mill Controls Grinding Mill China

Ball Mill Control Theory and Ball Mill Application|Ball Model Predictive Control for SAG and Ball Mill Control Real underflow water, » Learn More. There are good and bad control techniques for SAG and Ball mill operation used in the industry. It is difficult to get an online measurement of ore hardness that can » Learn More. Model Predictive Control for SAG Milling in Minerals Processing 1

### Sag Dan Ball Mill Kontrol Cement Mill Manufacturing Process

Flowsheet Sag Mill Dan Ball Mill . Ball Mill Ball mill is the key equipment for grinding after the crushing process which is widely used in the manufacture industries such as cement silicate new building material refractory material fertilizer ferrous metal nonferrous metal and glass ceramics and can be used for the dry and wet grinding for all kinds of ores and other grind-able materials

### SmartMill Grinding ABB

It can be applied to new or existing AG, SAG and ball mills, powered by either ring-geared mill drives (RMD) or gearless mill drives (GMD). This solution was designed to control, stabilize and optimize mill operation. The technology supporting this solution enables accurate, consistent and tireless application of your optimal control strategy at all times. Similar to an auto-pilot, Expert

### (PDF) SAG mill circuit optimisation at Ernest Henry Mining

A single SAG mill/ball mill circuit based on the FDW mill sizing was . selected. This sizing used a ball mill work index of 10.0 kWh/t based on . the 1992 testwork. The further grinding testwork

### Grinding Mill an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The primary function at Level 3 is optimisation of the SAG mill operation. That is, control of the product at optimum level. In an integrated situation where ball mill and cyclone is in the circuit, the optimisation must take place keeping in mind the restraints imposed by down stream requirements. This optimisation can best be achieved by developing a software for computer use. Usually a

### SAG Mill Grinding Circuit Design 911metallurgist

Metallurgical ContentBall Charge Motion inside a SAG MillSAG Mill OperationSemi Autogenous Design FactorsSAG Mill Operation ExampleProcess Plant DescriptionSAG Mill Design and Specification Operating Problems Since CommissioningDesign Changes and Future Operating Strategies AG and SAG mills are now the primary unit operation for the majority of large grinding circuits, and form the

### What’s the difference of Ball mill, SAG mill, AG mill?

Attrition mill is a type of grinding mill by kinds of media to crush lump to powder-like substances. The impact can be rock on rock such as in an Autogenous Grinding (AG) mill, rock and a small ball charge (~10%), used in Semi Autogenous Grinding (SAG) mills, balls of various sizes in Ball Mills and less commonly these days, steel rods in Rod Mills.

### Throughput optimisation in milling circuits

SAG mill discharge control is quite involved due to few interactive variables, such as mill discharge sump level, classification hydro-cyclone variables (feed density, flow and pressure) and water feed rate to the sump. Model predictive control (MPC), which is a multi-input multi-output (MIMO) controller, is very suitable for this purpose. If a particle size analyser is installed it can be

### Autogenous and Semi-Autogenous Mills FLSmidth

Single stage SAG Mills are very beneficial in reducing CAPEX for plants with a staged throughput approach. When future tonnage is to be increased, the SAG Mill can feed downstream ball milling to boost capacity. Fuller-Traylor SAG/AG Mills range in size from 4.3m through 12.2m in diameter with powers as high as 28,000 kW. Our team of product